For the best result, you want to match durable label stock with a durable adhesive. Such adhesives are usually high tack permanent self adhesives, but there are other options as well for durable labels.
All of these adhesives can be applied on the front or on the back of the label, depending on how you want your label to be viewed. For glass doors or windows it is good to put the adhesive on the front of the label, so that it faces out. That way the facestock which carries printed information is additionally protected by the glass.